Thomas Howell

(1862-1944)

Thomas Howell spent his entire life in the outskirts of Bilston. He was born in Broad Lanes, as was his wife and all of his nine children.

The Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield - published in 1851 described Broad Lanes and Lady Moor as adjoining hamlets, two miles NNE of Sedgley, and within half a mile SW of Bilston. Deepfield was a hamlet that had a number of scattered houses in the coal and iron district - it was one mile SW of Bilston. At Deepfield there was a tunnel of the Birmingham Canal, 1090 feet long, 25 feet broad, and 17 feet high from the surface of the water.

The hamlets had their own shops, public houses, Chapel and school.

There were two shops in Ladymoor itself. Both were general stores where you could buy tinned goods, milk, bread and eggs. The bread was delivered to the shops from a bakery. Early closing day was Thursday but it didn't matter because if you ran out you could always go round the back and knock on the door. They'd open up for you. The shops ran 'a slate' so that customers who were 'short' could have goods when they needed them and pay off their debt each weekend when the wages were collected. There were other shops in Broad Lanes that connected Ladymoor Road with Coseley Street in Bilston. There was greengrocer, a butcher and a pub or two. There was a small farm in Ladymoor village. The cows were kept in a field across the road from the Spreadeagle Pub. There was a big pond in that field and children were warned to keep well away from it. The famer sold fresh milk. You could either collect from the farm or have it delivered - a door-to-door service! On delivery it would be poured into your own jug - no milk bottles back then. It wasn't pasteurized and there were no refrigerators. There was also a fish van that called each week and a butcher's van that came regularly to the area.

Elizabeth recalled going to the 'tin school', writing on slates and sitting on bricks. They did not have much in the way of equipment, but she did learn to read, write and add up... to a higher standard than is often achieved in our well provisioned schools today. The building was constructed of corrugated tin sheets and when it rained it was really noisy, she said. It was also very cold in the winter and hot in the summer. School hours were nine o'clock to midday and two to four in the infants and four thirty in the senior school. There were no school-dinners, everyone went home for lunch. The classes were quite big and the teachers all used the cane to maintain discipline - some more than others. Many children had a long walk to school, some coming from Bilston, but most lived nearby. Some came from very poor homes. They had shoes on their feet but they were worn out or just plimsolls. Girls not only learnt the 'three Rs' but also learnt to cook and sew and to embroider clothing. The kitchen was at a centre some way off from the school. The children had to take their own ingredients to prepare a meal and walk there, afterward they had to clean the kitchen. The teacher used to say that the floor had to be "as red as a cherry, as dry as a bone - ready for daddy when he comes home."

Thomas and Ada successfully raised a large family in Broad Lanes, only one child died before growing to adulthood.

He worked as a 'puddler', a wheelwright labourer and an engine driver within the iron and steel industry that was prevelant in the area.

A description of the area is given by Cynthia Turner, who recalled living there in the 1920s as a child:

'Ladymoor was a pleasant place, in a patch of countryside, in the middle of factories, railway lines and the canals. It always seemed special. However childhood memories are often untouched by reality. The reality was the industrial mess of the Black Country and I suppose that the place I recall has long since disappeared. Like everything else, times change and the wonderful spectacle of the tipping the steel against the night sky is a long gone. It was a beautiful sight; one I vividly recall. The orange red reflection in the sky lives with me now, a cherished memory.'

1862
Birth

The family were living in Broad Lanes at the time of his birth

Name: Thomas Howell
Date of Registration: Apr-May-Jun 1862
Registration district: Dudley
Inferred County: Staffordshire
Volume: 6c
Page: 77

Two entries for the same year...

Name: Thomas Howell
Date of Registration: Oct-Nov-Dec 1862
Registration district: Dudley
Inferred County: Staffordshire
Volume: 6c
Page: 93

This year of birth is in question - I need to go to St Leonard's, Bilston to check graves.

1871

The family is now living at 79 Broad Lanes

Father - Thomas Howell age 37 (a puddler)

Mother - Phoebe Howell age 33

Siblings:

  • Jane Howell age 16
  • John Howell age 14
  • Eliza Howell age 12
  • Thomas Howell age 11
  • Fanny Howell age 6
  • Louise Howell age 2

This entry would make Thomas' year of birth to be 1860

1881

They are now living at 78 Broad Lanes, Bilston/Sedgeley.

Father: Thomas Howell age 46 - puddler born in Wednesbury

Mother: Phoebe Howell age 44 - born in Sedgley

Siblings:

  • Eliza Howell age 21 - mother of William - no occupation
  • Thomas Howell age 18 - puddler
  • Fanny Howell age 13
  • Lucy Howell age 11
  • Sophia Howell age 7
  • Sarah Howell age 5

William Howell age 7 - nephew

This entry would make Thomas' year of birth to be late 1862 which ties up with the records of birth I have found - but that means he was 8 not 11 for the previous Census.

17 Dec 1882 Marriage
Name: Thomas Howell
Gender: Male
Birth Date: abt 1862
Age: 20
Father's Name: Thomas Howell
Spouse's Name: Ada Smith
Spouse's Age: 20
Spouse's Father's Name: Robert Smith
Marriage Date: 17 Dec 1882
Marriage Place: Sedgley, Staffordshire, England
Name: Thomas Howell
Gender: Male
Age: 20
Birth Date: 1862
Marriage Date: 1882
Marriage Place: Sedgley, Stafford, England
Father: Thomas Howell 
Spouse: Ada Smith 
FHL Film Number: 1526109
Reference ID: 2:1SMBSFT

Ada lied about her age - she was only 17. Perhaps she did so not to have to get consent from her father....

1891 Census  
1901

Thomas Howell age 39 - (working as a wheelwright labourer). They are now living at 54 Broad Lanes.

Ada Howell 38 - wife

Children:

In this Census Albert Leonard is called Leonard.

1911

The family has now moved to 35 Tame Street, Bilston.

Thomas Howell age 48 ( working as an engine driver)

Ada Howell 47 - wife

Children:

  • Albert Howell 23 (steel worker)
  • Thomas Howell age 16 (butcher's assistant)
  • Christiana Howell age 13
  • Frederick Howell age 11
  • Arthur Howell age 7

In this Census Albert Leonard is called Albert.

Both of the older girls are not living at home and must have married or been in service.

1917 Son's Marriage Thomas' occupation is given as an engineer in his son's marriage certificate.
   
1939 Census Thomas Howell was living in Bilston with his son Frederick Howell (age 39) and his wife Lily M Howell (age 36) and another household member - Gwen E Cole
1944 Death Thomas Howell died at the age of 92.
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